Phonological awareness involves distinguishing the various sounds of spoken language. It includes the various ways oral language can be broken down into parts e.g. words, syllables and letter sounds. The simplest level of phonological awareness is promoted by rhymes, clapping out the individual words in a song, or calling the children’s attention to words that begin with the same sound. Phonological awareness is often confused with phonics. Phonics is connecting a simple printed symbol with a sound; unlike phonological awareness is hearing and differentiating sounds.